Muscle spasms are customary and often times are induced by dehydration, over use and muscle exhaustion, and electrolyte abnormalities. The muscle spasm happens suddenly, is strenuous, and normally lasts for a very short period of time. The spasm may last for just a few seconds and are normally not serious, you may encounter some serious side effects. These side effects consists of tears and strains of the tendons and ligaments when the spasm generates more force than the conjoining tissue being focused on can handle.Treating a muscle spasm and the consequential cramping that is induced solely depends on where the spasm is located. The short lived pain may be alleviated by lightly stretching the muscle. An acceptable intake of vitamins and water, a diet rich in potassium and magnesium and regularly stretching your muscles can help prevent any future muscle spasm.